Science Project Report Guidelines

Title page. (Project name, members, and grade)



Title page. 1

Abstract. 3

Question, variables, and hypothesis. 4

Background research. 5

Materials list. 6

Experimental procedure. 7

Data analysis and discussion. 8

Conclusions. 9

Ideas for future research. 10

Acknowledgments. 11

Bibliography. 12





Abstract. An abstract is an abbreviated version of your final report



Question, variables, and hypothesis.



Background research. This is the Research paper you wrote before you started your experiment.



Materials list.



Experimental procedure.



Data analysis and discussion. This section is a summary of what you found out in your experiment, focusing on your observations, data table, and graph(s), which should be included at this location in the report.






Ideas for future research. Some science fairs want you to discuss what additional research you might want to do based on what you learned.



Acknowledgments. This is your opportunity to thank anyone who helped you with your science fair project, from a single individual to a company or government agency.



Bibliography. List all the sources used reference, no one likes plagiarism.

Collect This Project

4.1 based on 231 ratings

By Megan Doyle

Updated on Feb 19, 2013

Grade Level: 6th to 8th; Type: Social Science

This experiment will evaluate if weather can impact the way people feel.

It has long been believed that weather has influence over people's mood and behavior. In this experiment, the emotional disposition of many test subjects will be evaluated on rainy and sunny days to find out if weather can really impact the way people feel.

  1. Create a survey to give your test subjects that analyzes their current mood. Example questions could include: Rate your current level of stress on a scale of 1 to 10. How many fights/disagreements have you had today? How many times have you honked your horn while driving in your car today? On a scale of 1 to 10, how satisfied are you with your life? How many good things have happened to you today? On a scale of 1 to 10, rate your current energy level.
  2. Wait for a sunny day and ask many test subjects to take your survey. Give the survey at the end of the day to ensure that test subjects have been exposed to the weather long enough for it to have an effect. Include males and females in many different age groups.
  3. Ask the same test subjects to repeat the survey at the end of an overcast, rainy day.
  4. Analyze the surveys taken by each test subject. Do you observe any patterns in your test subjectsí response to each survey? Do responses differ dramatically between the two days? Are there certain groups of people that seem to be more influenced by the weather?


Collect This Project

3.7 based on 202 ratings

By Shelly Smith

Updated on Jan 04, 2013

Grade Level: 4th to 8th; Type: Social Science


This experiment explores whether computer screen and text color affect retention and if people subconsciously prefer combinations of colors that help retention.

Research Questions:


Experimental Procedure

  1. Develop several simple retention tests: lists of words that the test subject will study and then recall. The lists should all be different but equally difficult.
  2. Type the lists of words so that each list appears on a different colored screen and with different colored text. Include a range of light and dark, vibrant and subdued colors.
  3. Allow the test subject to study a list of words for 30 seconds.
  4. Take the computer away and ask the subject to name as many of the words as he can remember.
  5. Repeat the memory test using all combinations of screen and text colors.
  6. Record the number of words recalled for each color combination.
  7. Ask the subject if there was any screen/text color combination(s) that he preferred.
  8. Analyze the results. Did certain combinations of screen and text colors lead to a consistently higher number of words being retained? Is there any correlation between preferred colors and retention?

Terms/Concepts: screen color, text color, retention, preference




Create a visual model of what happens to sound waves as a car passes by.

Research Questions:

Have you ever noticed that the sound a car makes is different when itís coming toward you than when itís going away from you? Close your eyes and picture it and try to hear the sound in your headóor better yet, go outside where you can (safely!) see and hear cars going by and listen. This project creates a visual model of whatís happening to the sound waves to make them sound different when the carís approaching than when itís leaving.


Experimental Procedure

  1. Cut one piece of construction paper the long way into five inch-wide strips. They should all be 11Ē long. Leave the first strip that long; cut an inch off of the second strip so that itís 10Ē long; cut two inches off of the second strip so that itís 9Ē long; and so on so that each strip of paper is an inch shorter than the last one.
  2. Tape the ends of the five strips of construction paper together so they form loops.
  3. Put the car down on the center of the second piece of construction paper. Arrange the loops around it so that the car is at the center and the loops are all centered on the carónone of the loops should be touching the car or each other, and they should all be about the same distance apart from each other. The loops are your sound waves; they show how the sound of the carís engine travels outward when the car is standing still.
  4. Draw a picture or take a photo of the car and the loops the way they look now. (Optional: glue everything in place exactly the way it is now, and get a second car, make a second set of loops, and use another sheet of construction paper for the next part!)
  5. Now gently roll the little car forward until it pushes all the loops in front of it together so that they all touch. This shows what happens to the sound waves when the car is moving: the ones at the front get squished together, or compressed, so that they sound higher-pitched, while the sound waves at the back get spread out or stretched so that the sound they make is lower-pitched. Thatís the Doppler effect!
  6. Draw a picture or take a photo of the car and the loops in this position. (Or if youíre doing the gluing-in-place option, glue all of this in place.)
  7. Now look at your two models, of the car standing still and the car in motion. You can see how the sound waves are affected by the movement of the car. Can you think of anything else that travels in waves that might be subject to the Doppler effect?

Terms/Concepts: sound waves, compression, Doppler effect

References: Whatís Up? 45 Hands-On Science Experiments That Explore Weather, by B. K. Hixson, pp. 172-173 (Loose in the Lab Science Series, 2003).